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Last updated: October 2017

Cambodian Society in the United Kingdom
REGISTERED UNDER THE CHARITY ACT 1960 No 292074
  In Brief | Khmer History | Facts on Cambodia | Services | Information
- Map of Cambodia- Facts & Figures- Behaviour Code
- Arts & Culture- National Holidays- National Festivals
     

Facts & Figures
Anthem Nokoreach
Moto Nation, Religion, King

Kingdom of Cambodia Official name
The State of Cambodia 1989 - 1993
The People Republic of Kampuchea 1979 - 1989
The Democratic Kampuchea 1975 - 1979
The Khmer Republic 1970 - 1975
The Kingdom of Cambodia Until 1970
   

Regime/Government:

Democratic constitutional monarchy (established since September 1993)
King: His Majesty King Norodom Sihamoni

Independence:
from France

  • Declared 1949
  • Recognized 1953

Capital city::

Phnom Penh (11°31’ N 104°49’ E)

National holiday: Independence Day, 9 November (1953)

Area:

  • Total: 181 035 Km² (69,900 sq miles)
  • water: 4 520 km² - 2.5% of total area
Land Bounderies:
  • Thailand 803 km
  • Laos 541 km
  • Vietnam 1 228 km
  • Coats line 443 km
Climate:

Described as tropical:

  • rainy, monsoon season (May to November)
  • dry season (December to April)

little seasonal temperature variation

Terrain: mostly low, flat plains; mountains in southwest and north
Elevation extremes: lowest point: Gulf of Thailand 0 m; highest point: Phnum Aoral 1,810 m
Natural resources: oil and gas, timber, gemstones, some iron ore, manganese, phosphates, hydropower potential
Land use: arable land: 20.44% permanent crops: 0.59%; other: 78.97% (2005)
Natural hazards: monsoonal rains (June to November); flooding: occasional droughts

Population:
2006 est.

13,881,427
  • Total: 13,36 millions (2006 est.)
  • 1998 census 11,437,656
  • Density 74/km2(121st) 192/sq mile

Age structure:

  • 0-14 years: 35.6% (male 2,497,595/ female 2,447,754)
  • 15-64 years: 61% (male 4,094,946/female 4,370, 159)
  • 63 years and over: 3.4% (male 180,432/female 290,541)

Median age:

  • total: 20.6 years
  • male: 19.9 years
  • female: 21.4 years

Population growth rate:1.78%
Birth rate: 26.9 births/1,000 population
Death rate: 9.06 deaths/1,000 population


Life expectancy at birth:

  • total population: 59.29 years
  • male: 57.35 years
  • female: 61.32 years

Religion:

  • Theravada Buddhism 95%
  • others 5%
Nationality:

Cambodian(s)

Ethnic groups:

  • Khmer 90%
  • Vietnamese 5%
  • Chinese 1%
  • other 4%
Literacy:

definition; age 15 and over can read and write (2004 est.)

  • total population 73.6%
  • male: 84.7%
  • female: 64.1%

Official language:

Khmer (95%), French, English

Ethnics:

  • Khmer( 94%)
  • Chinese (4%)
  • Vietnamese (1.1%) and other ethnic groups
Administration:
  • 20 provinces or Khet
  • 3 cities or Krong
  • 163 districts or Srok
  • 12 wards or Khand
  • 1,456 communes or Khum
  • 12,864 villages or Phum
GDP (Purchasing Power Parity):

$29.89 billion (2005 est.)

GDP- official exchange rate: $4.791 billion
GDP- real growth rate: 6%
GDP- Per capita: l $2, 200
GDP-composition by sector:

  • agriculture: 35%
  • industry: 30%
  • services: 35% (2004)
HDI:
2004 est.
0,571 (130th)- medium
Labour force:

7 million (2003 est.)

Labour force- by occupation:

  • agriculture 75% (2004 est.)
  • Unemployment rate: 2.5% (2000est.)
  • Population below poverty line: 40% (2004 est.)
Exports:

$2.663 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.)


Exports- commodities: clothing, timber, rubber, rice, fish, tobacco, footwear.

Exports-Partners:

  • US 55.9%
  • Germany 11.7%
  • UK 6.9%
  • Vietnam 4.4%
  • Canada 4.2% (2004 est.)
Imports:

$ 3.538 billion f.o.b.(2005 est.)


Imports – commodities:

  • petroleum products
  • cigarettes
  • gold
  • construction materials
  • machinery
  • motor vehicles
  • pharmaceutical products


Imports-partners:

  • Thailand 22.5%
  • Hong Kong 14.1%
  • China 13.6%
  • Vietnam 10.9%
  • Singapore 10.9%
  • Singapore 10.8%
  • Taiwan 8.4%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold: $1.1 billion (2005 est.)

Currency: Riel (KHR)
Time zone:
UTC+7
Summer (DST): (UTC+7)
Internet TLD: .kh
Calling country-code: +855
   

 

Courtesy of the Royal Embassy of Cambodia in London, UK.
     
 

 

   
   

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